IC Journals Master List
IC Journals Master List 2011
IndexCopernicus Journal Abstract
|Kalba ir tarmė: dvikalbystė ar tik lingvistinis džiazas?|
[ Language and Dialect: Bilingualism or Linguistic Jazz? ]
Acta Humanitarica Universitatis Saulensis 2007; 3(3):142-153
|Article type: Original article|
|IC™ Value: 3.00|
Referring to the assumptions of the foreign and Lithuanian linguists, the relationship between language and dialect, attitudes towards bilingualism and multilingualism are discussed in the paper, providing some reasons why the figures on the world languages presented in solid scientific resources vary from 3.000 to 10.000. It is evident that the reason of such variance is caused by some confusion of the terms language, dialect, ethnical grou p as wel as some problems in the methodology of classification: different viewpoints on the affinity (genetic, typological) of languages, confusion in language families and classes.
The paper also deals with the viewpoints of linguists as wel as Lithuanian psychologists on the solution of the problems of bilingualism. Attempts have been made to demythologize the idea that a standard language differs from its dialects: some fiction literature works and separate books are published in dialect; Lithuanian linguists A. Girdenis and J. Pabrėža work on the standardisation of the orthography of the Samogitian dialect.
The notion that a language and its dialects with significant differences from the standard language (such are the Samogitian dialect and the dialect of Northern Panevėžys region) may be considered as independent languages, while people speaking the standard language and their native dialect may be characterised as bilingual is presented in the paper.
With the aim to prove that the postulates of the problem discussed theoretically correlate with practice, a survey of 298 school children speaking the North Samogitian dialect was carried out. Questionnaire-based data showed that schoolchildren from a dialect environment often confuse the concepts of language and dialect and cal their native dialect a language.